Cold winters in Russia – the usual thing. Every villager knows that the more natoplena oven, the heat in the house. But citizens are often faced with the phenomenon, breaking the usual view: hot battery, and flat cold. The reason – a large heat loss through exterior walls due to their low thermal resistance, as in high-rise building construction materials used, thermal resistance which is significantly lower than that of wood. For example, say that the thermal resistance of walls made of pine and spruce thickness 0.15 mm to 1.4 times higher than the masonry thickness 0.51 m.
The value of thermal resistance depends on other important characteristic walling – heat resistance. Thermal stability characterizes their property to resist the extremes of outdoor temperature. Increase the heat resistance of frame structures for possible by increasing their thermal resistance. Given the great length of the heating season in many regions of Russia, as well as rising energy prices, the Ministry of Construction of the Russian Federation has made changes in snip II-3-79 'Building Heat Engineering' according to which the total thermal resistance of frame structures for the reconstructed and newly constructed buildings should be, for example, Moscow is not less than 3.2 m x C / watt. This means that the drop in temperature passage through the building envelope heat flux density equal to one, must be not less than 3.2 deg. C. Compliance with this requirement by increasing the thickness of the walling is almost impossible: the thickness of the walls of reinforced concrete must be at least 6 m, and from solid brick – not less than 2,3 m.
One of the core values for today's man, no doubt, is security. Moreover, security can affect not only specifically protect human, albeit a particularly significant one, and yet, before all, the safety of apartments, and more communication. On this task-oriented essentially without exception forces – ranging from industrial production and technology. More info: Robert Speyer. For example, using metal doors, have a chance to save your home inaccessibility to unauthorized access. Consequently, no one can get in your own home during your absence. While today's metal doors very attractive look, because their outer views are also able to deal exclusively with professionals: engineers and stylists.
But for aesthetic appearance hides a reliable having multiple levels protection, which provides the opportunity not only to withstand a direct military action, while at the same time and provides safety from breaking the lock, sophisticated locks really open only to their respective key any skeleton key here would not work. And all thanks to the fact that the steel doors of St. Petersburg put in a special way designed "smart" locks. Some of the newer types of locking devices, the owner generally has the ability to encode again – for the complete, there are two types of door keys plus a door key for encoding again. To replace the locking devices such reasonable to change the door itself, because in essence of the whole entire door is a holistic huge locking mechanism actuated by one or two door keys.
But not only the doors will need to be preserved. So, in order to protect go into the entrance of the cables will need reliable , in addition and parallel to the mailboxes you want to do more durable or reliable to use mailboxes with advanced protection. For communications safety will require an extremely strong, as a modern citizen would feel very uncomfortable in the absence of the natural progress of civilization: the tv, a global network, telephone, intercom. and Although cell phones and satellite dishes can, in principle, not very much depend on the cable structures, but same-system, in particular – Intercom system with camera – can actually reduce the number of attacks on your existing property. In this way, safety communications, doors and mailboxes – no longer a luxury but a way of personal survival in an environment of a giant metropolis. Reliable structure can help to protect your property and peace of mind and from accidental and malicious attempts to abuse. Since you deserve full confidence in the next day.
Past five years, every day, without holidays and weekends, we set the suspended ceilings in houses and apartments, studios and offices. We just do not know how to do it badly. In this article we will discuss some features of the installation suspended ceilings, which, in our opinion, just need to pay attention. Increased demands on the quality of walls: 1. The walls in the room where to install suspended ceilings shall be smooth, especially in the upper of the wall.
Profile of a stretch ceiling tightly screwed to the wall around its perimeter, otherwise if the walls are not flat surface – between the wall and ceiling clearances will be formed that will significantly reduce qualitative characteristics of the final stretch ceiling. 2. If you are not supposed to align the walls before installing the stretch ceiling, then at the end of construction works suggest sticking ceiling moldings, thereby concealing defects, irregularities and cracks. With this version mounting wallpaper paste should be just after the installation of stream plinth. 3. If you plan to pasting wallpaper or painted walls, we suggest before a suspended ceiling, then around the perimeter of the ceiling along the walls stick masking tape so as not to stain the ceiling with glue or paint. 4. If the room is already done fine finish (pokleit wallpaper or painted walls), our installers recommend mounting stretch ceiling to use a powerful vacuum cleaner building that will not expose the wall heavily polluted. 5. For bathrooms and toilets to encourage the installation of stretch ceiling fluff upper wall tiles glue, otherwise, when drilling under the profile stretch ceiling tile may crack.
Laminate flooring – modern decoration materials. Laminate flooring refers to artificial flooring, which has won great popularity thanks to a quick and relatively clean floor finish. Even 10 years ago, select laminate Russian market is limited mainly to two or three foreign manufacturers, which offered very similar in properties and decor panel laminate. Among these companies certainly stand firm and Kronoteks Tarket. In 2009, , our company has been cooperating with 20 manufacturers of laminate flooring and panels, among them the German flagship, the Russian plants working on behalf of European producers, as well as dozens of Chinese factories which began to offer good quality products worldwide. With the increasing number of producers increases and an assortment of laminate flooring. There are new patterns, gaining a laminate 33 classes, which for strength and life is not inferior to the parquet.
New forms of laminate flooring. New trend – it is a laminate in the form of ceramic tiles that can be used in the hallway or the kitchen with new vodootalkivayuschim coating and impregnation for joints. A common question – what is a laminate can be used in the kitchen? or in the hallway where many people are constantly taking place. Originally, laminate classes 2 and 3. Laminate Class 2 was designed for domestic use. Such as 21 – for the bedroom, where almost nobody goes, 22 – for more than passable rooms, a 23 – room suites lih corridors, where the largest cross in the day. But now you are on any market or shop will not find a laminate 21.22 or 23 classes.
Their replaced laminates. which were originally intended for commercial premises. It laminates 31, 32 and 33 classes. In accordance with the domestic class of 31 – for rooms with a small cross. 32 – for premises where people reside and laminate is under load. And 33 class – for the most traversed areas – conference rooms, lounges and podoyunye premises. Even the 1931 class are buying less and less. 32 and 33 classes remain on the market. 32 class copes with any accommodation and the laminate 33 classes for several years perfectly performs its functions in many commercial. Right now every manufacturer has a laminate 33 classes. It is a laminate with such a class Friability used for the manufacture of new form factors – is often an imitation of ceramic tiles and wooden boards.
Every day more and more popular among domestic consumers gaining aluminum design mark Provedal. It is no coincidence, because the advantages of this material, as stated on the face. Unlike plastic, which has relatively wide profile, aluminum construction promotes penetration into the room much more light, which is important for the overall interior design. Manufacturer Provedal while not particularly practiced with variety of colors designs. So if you do decide to depart from the standards and glaze loggia designs are not white, for this purpose is ideal plastic Rehau and Kbe, which is represented in the market several colors. Typically, a balcony is in our apartments have a small area, and opening doors as if visually reduce the already small space.
In this case, aluminum again turns out to be on top! Company Provedal and here is our attention, sliding doors on special rollers, opening to the side. In addition, similar designs are excluded from entering the balcony of dust and dirt and have low weight, which can easily withstand any balcony. When used in a glazing structure of aluminum, eventually you will get a perfect gazebo with a temperature of seven degrees above the street. Certainly, Plastic also has its advantages, but compared to aluminum, they seem not so significant, as deficiencies can be found much more. The disadvantages of Rehau and Kbe include a lot of weight designs themselves, with respect to poor moisture and Dust dry and extreme instability in severe Russian climate is very often at -35 box begins to warp and turn out. The main advantages of plastic can provide the ability to perfectly keep the temperature in the cold season. In this article, we discussed the advantages and disadvantages of aluminum and plastic designs for glass loggias. We do not in any way trying to impose on you their opinion on the choice of a particular material, we simply provide your account reliable information upon which you yourself may draw conclusions