Then, perceiving the importance of this affirmative action in the Brazilian education, from it offers of studies in the cited course and of the convivncia in the Municipal School Dom Avelar Brando Vilela it appears the idea to elaborate and to apply this project of pedagogical matrix so that this thematic one comes to be argued and from this work can open more doors so that other professors feel themselves motivated and together, pupils, professors, is transforming agents in pertaining to school community e, consequentemente, in the society. To study literature for many students of basic education is to decorate literary times, schools etc., then, they do not create taste nor if they interest for the reading and knowledge of the area. Therefore, the present project of heading Literature Afro-Bahian, is not alone or to transform pupils into writers, but only to show the vast one to know that the Bahia has, related the past with the future gift and prescribing, therefore literature is not alone to study times, but to understand and to know values that perpassam our reality are to show as the gift justifies the past and as this enriches the future. As it affirms RASP, (p.7. 2010): ' ' Literature, as well as the language where express it if, is a way of communication and social interaction, therefore it acts in diverse scopes of the society, transmitting the knowledge and the culture of comunidade.' ' Thus, the work considered here is intended to focus the afros inquiry and studies in the Bahia, therefore starting for the state where it lives the taste for Brazilian literature and too much studies will sensetize. It will also focus experience significao of the black in the Bahia, through bahian writers, excellent romances, poetries, films, personages who tematizem this history and culture, exactly that the authors are not bahian, therefore what it is wanted to show in the truth is the presence of Africa in the Bahia.